The UK Parliament decides that a further extension of the Brexit date is necessary because it wants to first review the relevant legislation before the vote on the Withdrawal Agreement. The British government then asked the EU to postpone the Brexit date to 31 January 2020. If the UK Parliament approves the withdrawal agreement by 29 March at the latest, Brexit will be postponed until 22 May in order to have time to pass the necessary laws. If the British Parliament has not approved the agreement by then, Brexit will be postponed until 12 April. The British Parliament passes a law obliging the British government to request a postponement of Brexit if there is no agreement with the EU before 19 October 2019. The European Union and the United Kingdom reach a draft withdrawal agreement. With regard to the Irish border issue, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is annexed to the agreement and defines a return case position that will only enter into force in the absence of evidence of other effective arrangements before the end of the transitional period. If this is the case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s external common law and Northern Ireland will remain in the internal market aspects until such a manifestation is achieved. None of the parties can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are necessary.  In addition to an agreement on goods, the UK also wants an agreement on services which made up a large part of its economy.
This is not part of the discussions, but separate agreements on issues such as banking are still possible. The European Union and the United Kingdom have approved the Withdrawal Agreement. The British Parliament and the European Parliament have yet to approve the Withdrawal Agreement. The Withdrawal Agreement also provides for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention establishing the Statute for the European Schools, with the United Kingdom being bound by the Convention and the accompanying rules relating to accredited European Schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. . . .